What Self Defense Weapons are Legal in Ohio

In Home Defense Tips by homedefense

You have the right to protect yourself against bad people trying to hurt you or your family. People are always asking what self-defense weapons are legal in Ohio?

Let’s look at what the law says about the right to carry weapons for self-defense.

Pepper spray in Ohio

Mace or pepper spray comes in a variety of containers with a mixture of potent chemicals. The spray inside is used to disrupt the eye sight of an attacker causing temporary blindness. I know this first hand from back in my college days. I ran onto The Ohio State University football field after a big win by the Buckeyes. Unfortunately for me I happened upon a cop that looked at me aimed his spray and shot the liquid into my eyes. I could not see for about 2 hours so if he was trying to get me off the field that was not a good way to do it. Thank goodness my girlfriend found me on the turf yelling in pain.

You can legally carry pepper spray or mace in Ohio for self-defense purposes. Ohio has a really relaxed outlook on pepper spray. There are no restrictions on the sale of the spray in Ohio. The size and formulation are also not restricted. You can conceal it or carry it out in the open like on a key chain. Ohio does not consider pepper spray a dangerous weapon.

(More information see Ohio Revised Code 2923.11 Notes of Decision,  Note 3, Section 7)

Just because you can use it does not mean you are free to start spraying everyone for the hell of it. Pepper spray must be used for only self-defense purposes anything else is considered use of force. You need to have a good reason to use it on someone else.

Schools and where you work may have additional restrictions on use and carrying pepper spray. You need to make sure you know the rules when carrying. Your local town or city may also have some restrictions so check with them on their rules.

Stun guns in Ohio

Stun guns are self-defense weapons that use electrical current to stop an attacker. The current is strong enough to stop the attacker and drop them to the ground. The current is usually not strong enough to kill or cause serious damage.

You can legally carry stun guns in Ohio for self-defense purposes. Ohio has a really relaxed outlook on stun guns. There are no restrictions on the sale of the guns in Ohio. The size and voltage are also not restricted. You can conceal it or carry it out in the open like on a key chain. Ohio does not consider stun guns a dangerous weapon but that all depends on the circumstances.

(More information see Ohio Revised Code 2923.11)

Just because you can use it does not mean you are free to start tazing everyone for the hell of it. Stun gun just like pepper spray must be used for only self-defense purposes anything else is considered use of force. You need to have a good reason to use it on someone else.

Schools and where you work will not allow you to carry a stun gun. You need to make sure you know the rules when carrying. Your local town or city may also have some restrictions so check with them on their rules. You cannot carry a stun gun on planes, into federal or state buildings.

(More information see Ohio Revised Code 2923.122)

Guns in Ohio

Can I carry a firearm with me outside my home if I live in Ohio?

Ohio does allow a person to carry a firearm, but there are restrictions that may apply.

Does Ohio have any laws on storage of a gun?

  • Safe storage is not required by Ohio law. Yet leaving a gun lay around in the house where a child might find it and accidentally use it could be a criminal offense.

The “Stand your ground” law is that in affect in Ohio?

  • No this law is not in Ohio. The gun owner must retreat before they can use deadly force in a public place, as long as it is safe to do so.

Knifes in Ohio

People carry knives with them all the time from farmers, to hunters and fisherman. Lets look at the law for carrying a knife.

2923.12 Carrying concealed weapons.

  1. No person shall knowingly carry or have, concealed on the person’s person or concealed ready at hand, any of the following:
  • A deadly weapon other than a handgun;
  • A handgun other than a dangerous ordnance;
  • A dangerous ordnance.

 

Since knives aren’t “handguns” or “a dangerous ordnance“, the legality of carrying a concealed blade falls on whether or not that knife is considered a “deadly weapon.

In the Weapons Control definitions section of the Ohio Revised Code a “deadly weapon” is defined as follows:

” “Deadly weapon” means any instrument, device, or thing capable of inflicting death, and designed or specially adapted for use as a weapon, or possessed, carried, or used as a weapon.”

http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/2923.11

Ohio law the definition makes it sound like almost any knife would be considered a deadly weapon.

Here is what you should do when carrying a knife on you or in your car. You need to make sure the knife is not concealed then it is not considered a deadly weapon. If a cop pulls you over and asks why you are carrying a blade saying it is for protection will make it a deadly weapon. If you answer by saying you use it for utility purposes like I use mine for doing stuff at my rental properties then they may look at that as not a deadly weapon.

If you know any cops you may ask them what they think about carrying a knife. I would think most cops if you do not conceal the knife and you tell them you use it to cut string, open boxes or cut wire then they will probably leave it at that. If you commit a crime like theft and you have a knife on you that probably will not work so well and you will get charged with carrying a deadly weapon.

You will also need to check with your city on the local ordinance for carrying a knife. This may be more restrictive than the overall Ohio laws.

Expandable Batons

Ohio does not have any specific laws as it relates to carrying an expandable Baton. Batons will fall under the general laws relating to concealed weapons. Check with your city if you are allowed to carry a baton in your car.

I hope this helps clear up any questions you have about weapons that can be carried in Ohio. You definitely need to check with the local city to make sure you comply with the local ordinance. Every city probably has a different take on what you can and not carry and how you need to carry it. You definitely do not want to hide any weapon you have on you when you are stopped by the police. Hiding deadly weapons will bring additional charges against you.

You can also look online at the different codes for each of the weapons listed to read up more on Ohio law. We tried to give you a general overview and idea of what is legal and not legal.